1. Energy-Efficient Design
The foundation of eco-friendly construction lies in the design phase. Energy-efficient design principles prioritize natural lighting, ventilation, and insulation, reducing the need for artificial heating and cooling systems. Orienting buildings to maximize sunlight exposure during the winter and minimize it during the summer can significantly lower energy consumptionFurthermore, architects and engineers can incorporate renewable energy sources, such as solar panels and wind turbines, to generate clean energy on-site. Utilizing advanced building materials with high thermal mass and low embodied energy also contributes to creating energy-efficient structures.